psy19 exam 4

Dot Image . Match the level of moral reasoning with its definition.
(Points : 3)

Potential Matches:
1 : postconventional
2 : conventional
3 : preconventional
Answer
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Question 2. 2. In order for later adolescents to be successful in achieving autonomy, ____. (Points : 2)





Question 3. 3. Living arrangements for 18-24 year-olds changed from the 1960’s to the present because fewer 18-24 year-olds ____. (Points : 2)





Question 4. 4. What is the relationship between sexual orientation and gender identity? (Points : 2)





Question 5. 5. How do students typically change during the college years in their gender-role attitudes? (Points : 2)





Question 6. 6. How does moral judgment change from early school age to later adolescence? (Points : 2)





Question 7. 7. The college curriculum can help advance moral reasoning because students experience ____. (Points : 2)





Question 8. 8. A moral conflict which requires a choice between doing something helpful for someone else or meeting one’s own needs involves a ____. (Points : 2)





Question 9. 9. According to Carol Gilligan, women’s reasoning about moral situations differs from that of men in which of the following ways? (Points : 2)





Question 10. 10. In the Tiedeman model of career decision making, the last three phases involve ____. (Points : 2)





Question 11. 11. The importance one gives to certain content areas of identity, and the salience of some aspects of identity over others contributes to the ____ of identity. (Points : 2)





Question 12. 12. Which of the following statements is most accurate about identity? (Points : 2)





Question 13. 13. In James Marcia’s model of identity status, ____ consists of a period of role experimentation and active decision making among alternative choices. (Points : 2)





Question 14. 14. The identity status characterized by commitment without a period of questioning and exploration is ____. (Points : 2)





Question 15. 15. Which of the following identity statuses is characterized by a period of questioning and crisis followed by the formation of occupational and ideological commitments? (Points : 2)





Question 16. 16. Many young people come to college ready to engage in a period of questioning and personal experimentation. They suspend the need to make commitments. This is described as ____. (Points : 2)





Question 17. 17. The ability to sustain loyalties freely pledged in spite of the inevitable contradictions and confusions of value systems is referred to as ____. (Points : 2)





Question 18. 18. Match the concepts to the best definition.
(Points : 3)
Potential Matches:
1 : competence motivation
2 : self-actualization
3 : self-acceptance
Answer
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Question 19. 19. How do life roles change in adulthood? (Points : 2)





Question 20. 20. Which term refers to social consensus about the period of life when one should assume or leave certain roles? (Points : 2)





Question 21. 21. What is an essential process that promotes growth in Carl Rogers’ theory of personality development? (Points : 2)





Question 22. 22. In the mate selection process, role compatibility refers to ____. (Points : 2)





Question 23. 23. Which of the following is NOT associated with high levels of satisfaction in marriage? (Points : 2)





Question 24. 24. The style of interaction in which the probability of a negative remark will be followed by another negative remark as the conversation continues is called ____. (Points : 2)





Question 25. 25. John and Mary are arguing. Mary says “John, it really bothers me when you are rude to my mother.” John replies, “Well, really, she has never liked me and she usually insults me the first chance she gets. Should I just sit there and take it? It may seem like I’m being rude but it’s not like she goes out of her way to be nice to me either.” John is ____________. (Points : 2)





Question 26. 26. Fred and Joan are having an argument. Fred says “Listen Joan, you are working way too much. You leave before the kids are awake and come home too exhausted to spend any quality time with me, or them”. Joan replies: “I know what you mean. This has been a really busy time at work and I can see it’s influencing our family. I don’t know what I can do to change things right now, but I do know this has been frustrating for you and the kids. Joan is ______ . (Points : 2)





Question 27. 27. Which of the following is a key finding of Gottman’s research on the interactions of married couples? (Points : 2)





Question 28. 28. Men who entered fatherhood at a later age (after 30) when compared to young and on-time fathers and were considered ____. (Points : 2)





Question 29. 29. If a couple had high levels of conflict before a baby’s birth, what is likely to occur after the birth? (Points : 2)





Question 30. 30. According to Sternberg, all types of love are a combination of three dimensions: intimacy, commitment, and ____. (Points : 2)





Question 31. 31. Which of the following best characterizes the core pathology of exclusivity in early adulthood? (Points : 2)





Question 32. 32. Although income, occupation, and education are important predictors of divorce, when you ask couples about the major cause for their divorce, they frequently cite ____. (Points : 2)





Question 33. 33. Match the following balancing work and family life terms with examples that illustrate these terms.
(Points : 3)
Potential Matches:
1 : role overload
2 : role conflict
3 : spillover
Answer
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Question 34. 34. Which of the following reflects the substantive complexity of a job? (Points : 2)





Question 35. 35. What role does conflict play in a vital marriage? (Points : 2)





Question 36. 36. During early and middle childhood, parents ____. (Points : 2)





Question 37. 37. For most adults who become grandparents, grandchildren symbolize ____. (Points : 2)





Question 38. 38. The sense of responsibility to care for one’s aging parents is called ____. (Points : 2)





Question 39. 39. Who is more likely to provide care for an aging parent? (Points : 2)





Question 40. 40. Jackie spent most of her time and energy shopping for various clothes and decorations for her home. She had numerous parties in order to show off her possessions and to increase her visibility in various social circles. Which of the following best describes Jackie? (Points : 2)





Question 41. 41. The willingness to abandon old forms or old patterns of doing things in favor of new ways to do things is referred to as ____. (Points : 2)





Question 42. 42. Which of the following statements best describes the relationship of life goals and satisfaction in later adulthood? (Points : 2)





Question 43. 43. One reason it is difficult to study the development of intelligence in adulthood is that ____. (Points : 2)





Question 44. 44. ____ is a complex network of information, concepts, and schemes related by associations, knowledge, and use. (Points : 2)





Question 45. 45. According to your text, neurological loss associated with aging is most damaging to which type of intelligence? (Points : 2)





Question 46. 46. William is faced with a dilemma about how to find a more efficient way to manage his business. His secretary, who has been working for him for a long time, is making many errors and missing days of work due to family illness. He thinks he should fire her, but she knows a lot about his business and has been a loyal employee. He is trying to find a solution that combines logic, compassion, and practicality. What kind of cognitive capacity does he need? (Points : 2)





Question 47. 47. Research on older widowed women found that the majority of widows show evidence of a high level of ____. (Points : 2)





Question 48. 48. Which of the following statements most accurately describes widowers? (Points : 2)





Question 49. 49. What is likely to occur for men following widowhood? (Points : 2)





Question 50. 50. In toddlerhood, children are likely to believe that death is ____. (Points : 2)





Question 51. 51. In terms of psychosocial development, ego concerns about death should ____ in later adulthood. (Points : 2)





Question 52. 52. The ability to name all the continents of the world is an example of __________. (Points : 2)





Question 53. 53. ________ refers to the ability to think, reason, and problem solve that is not dependent on learning and experience. (Points : 2)





Question 54. 54. In psychosocial theory, the ability to accept the facts of one’s life and to face death without great fear is called ____. (Points : 2)





Question 55. 55. Theresa was nearing the end of her life. She felt a deep sense of regret about some opportunities and paths she chose not to take. She was angry at the way her family, treated her. What state best describes Theresa? (Points : 2)