Question: Information refinement means taking the system requirements you find during requirements determination and ordering them into tables, diagrams, and other formats that make them easier to translate into technical system specifications.
Question: Agile Methodologies focus on the roles that people perform.
Question: In the ____, like that shown in the accompanying figure, the result of each phase, which is called a deliverable or end product, flows sequentially into the next phase in the SDLC.
A Interactive model
B Requirements model
C Waterfall model
D Object model
Question: The goal of operational feasibility is to understand the degree to which a proposed system will likely solve the business problems or take advantage of opportunities.
Question: Which of the following focuses on the frequent production of working versions of a system that have a subset of the total number of required features?
A Use-case modeling
B Limited production
C Structured analysis
D Structured programming
E Iterative development
Question: Component focusing allows the systems analyst to break a system into small, manageable, and understandable subsystems.
Question: Greater user involvement in the system development process usually results in ____.
A Poorer communication
B More satisfied users
C Slower development times
D Both b and c
Question: Agile approaches work best when the system being developed operates in a stable environment.
Question: Dependence of one part of the system on one or more other system parts best describes
A Interrelated components
Question: A systems development technique is the series of steps used to mark the phases of development for an information system.
Question: Analyzing an organization’s activities to determine where value is added to products and/or services and the costs incurred best describes
A Affinity clustering
B Value chain analysis
C Resource availability
D Business process reengineering
E Technical difficulty
Question: A ____ path includes all tasks that are vital to the project schedule.
Question: Referencing enterprise solutions, the difference between the modules and traditional approaches is that the modules are integrated to focus on the business functional areas, rather than on business processes.
Question: The document sent to vendors asking them to propose hardware and software that will meet the requirements of your new system is called a
A Requirements statement
B Systems service request
C Baseline Project Plan
D Business case
E Request for proposal (RFP)
Question: The first step in creating a WBS is to ____.
A Mark all recognizable events
B Determine time requirements
C Identify all tasks
D Estimate task completion time and cost
Question: A description of the alternative solution recommended by the analysis team is provided during the
A Systems design phase
B Systems implementation and operation phase
C Systems alternative selection phase
D Systems planning and selection phase
E Systems analysis phase
Question: Two criteria that are always among the most important when choosing software are
A Cost & functionality
B Ease of installation & flexibility
C Functionality & documentation
D Response time & vendor support
E Vendor support & vendor viability
Question: The objective of project identification and selection is to transform a vague system request document into a tangible project description.
Question: Module refinement is the process of making a program simpler after adding a new feature.
Question: Agile Methodologies are recommended if you have responsible and motivated developers.
Question: The structured, measured set of activities designed to produce a specific output for a particular customer or market best defines
A Secondary activities
B Formal systems
C Key business processes
D Primary processes
E Production systems
Question: Cloud computing is slower in allowing a user access to internal applications.
Question: Which of the following is not a system characteristic?
Question: Forms are most useful
A During the requirements structuring stage
B When they contain actual organizational data
C During the initial planning stages
D When they do not contain any data
E During the design stage
Question: Which of the following are descriptive of engineering-based methods?
A Simple design and continuous refactoring are excellent for highly dynamic environments but are a source of potentially expensive rework for highly stable environments
B Potential difficulties with simple design and lack of documentation
C Needs a critical mass of scarce experts during project definition but can work with fewer later in the project, unless the environment is highly dynamic
D Thrives in a culture where people feel comfortable and empowered by many degrees of freedom
E Well-matched to small products and teams
Question: The primary deliverables from requirements determination include
A Interview transcripts
B Analysis from documents
C Observation notes
D All of the above
E None of the above
Question: The search for, and implementation of, radical change in business processes to achieve breakthrough improvements in products and services best defines
A Structured programming
B Disruptive design
C Business process reengineering
D Rapid application development
E Joint application design
Question: The primary concern about cloud computing is
E Compliance with standards
Question: Which of the following is a true statement regarding JAD?
A A JAD session is inexpensive to conduct
B JADs benefit greatly from computer support
C The primary purpose of using JAD in the analysis phase is to collect systems requirements simultaneously from the key people involved with the system
D JAD sessions are usually conducted in the organization’s conference room
E A working system is the end result of a JAD
Question: Each of the following are descriptive of Agile Methodologies except
A Well-matched to small products and teams
B Thrives in a culture where people feel comfortable and empowered by having many degrees of freedom
C Requires a continuous presence of a critical mass of scarce experts
D Simple design and continuous refactoring are excellent for highly dynamic environments but are a source of potentially expensive rework for highly stable environments
E Detailed plans and Big Design Up Front are excellent for highly stable environments but are a source of expensive rework for highly dynamic environments
Question: The systems development life cycle is a sequentially ordered set of phases.
Question: An Agile Methodology is recommended if your project involves unpredictable or dynamic requirements.
Question: One reason for cloud computing is that it frees up internal staff.
Question: Modularity is a direct result of decomposition.
Question: Cloud computing always complies with government regulations.
Question: Cloud computing is a low-cost access method to corporate quality data.
Question: Which of the following is a modern method for collecting system requirements?
B Document analysis
C Joint application design
Question: Slack time is equal to
A The difference between an activity’s latest and earliest expected completion time
B The latest expected completion time
C The difference between the start time and realistic time for each activity
D The difference between the optimistic time and pessimistic time for an activity
E The sum of an activity’s latest and earliest expected completion time
Question: Examples of company-wide applications, called ____, include order processing systems, payroll systems, and company communications networks.
A Enterprise applications
B Network operating systems (NOS)
C Operating applications
D Legacy systems
Question: The ability to easily make changes to a project is a very powerful feature of most project management environments.
Question: Which of the following are common criteria to consider when selecting off-the-shelf software?
C Vendor viability
E All of the above
Question: In which phase will the systems analyst convert the description of the recommended alternative solution into logical and then physical system specifications?
A Systems analysis
B Systems implementation and operation
C Systems conversion
D Systems planning and selection
E Systems design
Question: Key business processes are the structured, measured set of activities designed to produce a specific output for a particular customer or market.
Question: The way a system actually works is referred to as a(n)
A Informal system
B Formal system
C Actual system
D Secondary system
E Unofficial system
Question: If you have a fixed-price or fixed-scope contract, an agile methodology is often recommended.
Question: A group of interrelated procedures used for a business function, with an identifiable boundary, working together for some purpose, best defines:
D System component
Question: Optimistic time refers to
A The maximum period of time for an activity to be completed
B The minimum period of time for an activity to be completed
C The maximum period of time for an entire project to be completed
D The average period of time for an activity to be completed
E The planner’s “best guess” of the amount of time the activity actually will require for completion
Question: Which of the following is one of the three primary activities associated with identifying and selecting IS development projects?
A Preliminary investigation of the system problem or opportunity
B Requirements determination
C Generate alternative initial designs
D Identification of potential development projects
E Requirements structuring
Question: BPR efforts often result in the development of information system maintenance requests or requests for system replacement.
Question: Agile software development values individuals and interactions over processes and tools.
Question: The primary concern of cloud computing is reliability.
Question: One of the primary benefits of using an enterprise software solution is the short time period required for implementation.
Question: Functionality refers to the tasks the software can perform and the mandatory, essential, and desired system features.
Question: Many companies implement ____ systems that integrate all customer-related events and transactions.
Question: Modularity divides a system into chunks or modules of a relatively uniform size.
Question: Risks can arise from
A The use of new technology
B Availability of critical resources
C Member inexperience with technology or the business area
D Resistance to change
E All of the above
Question: A DFD shows ____.
A What the system does
B How data moves through an information system
C How a system transforms input data into useful information
D All of the above