Question 1 (2 points) Question 1 Unsaved
Despite the high risk of being caught by police with the help of their many informers, some individuals and groups attempted to resist Nazism even in Germany. They were a model of spiritual resistance, and they stood firm for their religious belief: the _____. Many of them were put in concentration camps and marked with purple triangular badges.
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Question 2 (2 points) Question 2 Unsaved
The “________” movement was founded in June 1942 by Hans Scholl, a 24-year-old medical student at the University of Munich, his 22-year-old sister Sophie, and 24-year-old Christoph Probst; they distributed anti-Nazi leaflets and painted slogans like “Down With Hitler!” In February 1943, they were caught, and executed.
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Question 3 (2 points) Question 3 Unsaved
Historian ________ initiated and directed a collection of diaries and documents chronicling the life of the Jews in the Warsaw ghetto, during German occupation.
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Question 4 (2 points) Question 4 Unsaved
Despite difficulties, there was armed resistance in many ghettos. The most famous act was in the ____. Desperate and with few weapons, the remaining Jews of the ____ rose in revolt on the eve of Passover, April 19, 1943. Mordechai Anielewicz was the brave commander-in-chief of this armed uprising. This uprising came about as a result of the Jews learning that those being deported from the ghetto were not being resettled, they were being sent to Treblinka.
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Question 5 (2 points) Question 5 Unsaved
_____ was captured, tortured, and executed after parachuting into Yugoslavia and crossing the border into Hungary in an attempt to rescue allied prisoners and her mother.
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Question 6 (2 points) Question 6 Unsaved
At the end of October 1942, the Americans informed the Algerian resistance of their planned landings on the shores of Algeria and Morocco. Of the 377 resistance members who seized control of Algiers during the night of November 7-8; 315 were ______.
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Question 7 (2 points) Question 7 Unsaved
There are many documented reports of the efforts made by individual non-Jews & whole nations who took great risks to save Jews. It is imperative that the world recognizes & remembers the stories of the rescuers, to help understand how the human values of kindness, dignity and compassion stayed alive during the most trying of circumstances. Those non-Jews who worked at great risk to their personal safety to save Jews became known as the ‘____________’
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Question 8 (2 points) Question 8 Unsaved
There is a museum in Israel, __________, devoted exclusively to the history of the Holocaust. The walkway, which terminates at the museum entrance is lined with carob trees, each dedicated to the memory of a person who rescued Jews.
Question 8 options:
The Holocaust Museum
The Sho’a Museum
Question 9 (2 points) Question 9 Unsaved
An unlikely American secret agent who traveled to France in June of 1940 to help smuggle Jews through the tightly controlled French borders, with money, & false passports. He is credited with saving the lives of two to three thousand people
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Question 10 (2 points) Question 10 Unsaved
The systematic murders perpetrated by the Nazis were carried out with the help of local collaborators in many countries and silently accepted by millions of bystanders. Residents of the Huguenot village of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, southern France, helped about 5,000 _____ escape Nazi persecution between 1941-44.
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Question 11 (2 points) Question 11 Unsaved
_______ was the only occupied country that actively resisted the Nazi regime’s attempts to deport its Jewish citizens in 1943. This rescue effort was unique because it was nationwide. It also proved that widespread support for Jews and resistance to Nazi policies could save lives.
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Question 12 (2 points) Question 12 Unsaved
This Swedish diplomat helped save Jews of Hungary in summer and fall of 1944. More than 30,000 Jews received special Swedish passports from him. The Soviet Union admitted that he had been arrested and that he died in prison in 1947. He is honored by having his name given to the street on which a Holocaust Memorial Museum resides.
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Question 13 (2 points) Question 13 Unsaved
Britain gave refuge to children from Nazi Europe, and saved them by the “__________” – trains from Berlin, Vienna, Prague and elsewhere. The parents were left behind; most were killed.
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Question 14 (2 points) Question 14 Unsaved
People did not help the Jews because of
Question 14 options:
Antisemitism and indifference
Fear of reprisals
a and b
Question 15 (2 points) Question 15 Unsaved
Despite the fact that the U.S. received early reports about the desperate plight of European Jewry, immigration ______ were never increased for the emergency.
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Question 16 (2 points) Question 16 Unsaved
By 1942, many American newspapers were reporting stories about the mass murder of Jews. U.S. reconnaissance photos of a death camp in 1943 showed the lines of victims moving into the gas chambers, confirming other reports. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill called for the death camp at _______ to be bombed. He was ignored.
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Question 17 (2 points) Question 17 Unsaved
Despite a report in 1943 providing details about the Final Solution, it was not until January 1944, however, that President Roosevelt responded by establishing the _____________ as an independent agency to rescue the civilian victims of the Nazis.
Question 17 options:
War Refugee Board
American Refugee Board
Question 18 (2 points) Question 18 Unsaved
The 1939 British ________ on Palestine, limiting Jewish immigration and the sale of land to Jews, was in part an attempt to win Arab support in the inevitable war against Germany.
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Question 19 (2 points) Question 19 Unsaved
Governments refused to get involved, because SOME
Question 19 options:
Did not believe, for a while, that the Holocaust was occurring
Had leaders which were antisemitic
a and b
Question 20 (2 points) Question 20 Unsaved
The principal accusation leveled against Pope ____ is that, in the face of countless appeals, he consistently refused to speak out against the Nazis’ policy of annihilation. The drama, The Deputy, is a searing attack on this pope, whom Hochhut accuses of dereliction of duty. The author asks provocative questions about the church’s responsibility.
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Question 21 (2 points) Question 21 Unsaved
In 1944: Hitler takes over ____________and begins deporting 12,000 Jews each day to Auschwitz where they are murdered; by July 8, 1944, 437,402 Jews from that country were deported to Auschwitz. This is most likely the single largest deportation of the Holocaust.
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Question 22 (2 points) Question 22 Unsaved
June 6, 1944: ______, Operation Overlord, Allies amphibious landing on the beaches of Normandy Beach. More than two million allied soldiers poured into France
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Question 23 (2 points) Question 23 Unsaved
In late 1944 the tide of the war had turned. Allied armies approached German soil, and the SS decided to evacuate. On January 18, 1945, those inmates capable of walking were evacuated and forced to march toward Germany under indescribably cruel conditions; many died ___
Question 23 options:
In the crematoria
During the death marches
Question 24 (2 points) Question 24 Unsaved
Camps like Bergen-Belsen, never intended for extermination, became death traps for thousands like _______________, who died of typhus in March 1945
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